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Alpaca Term (P)

2018-12-11

Paco vicuña: A crossbred or hybrid vicuna and alpaca mix.

Parturition: The process of giving birth, also called birthing.

Paternal breed: A breed that stands out in terms of paternal traits.

Paternal trait: Characteristics received or inherited through the male alpaca.

Pedigree: A recorded genealogy or list of an alpaca's ancestors. Also a registered or recorded known line of descent.

Pedigree relationship: Kinship relationships between animals, such as full-sibs, half-sibs, and parent-offspring relationships.

Pet Male: A male alpaca whose genetic characteristics are not considered desirable for breeding. Often gelded at between nine and twelve months old.. Also called “fiber boys.”

Phenotype: As determined both genetically and environmentally, the entire physical, biochemical, and physiological makeup of an individual alpaca.

Phenotypic selection: Selection based on an individual's phenotype, which is determined both genetically and environmentally.

Picker: A piece of equipment that “opens” fiber and removes foreign matter such as vegetation or dirt.

Piebald: Also sometimes called pinto. An alpaca with white and black patches.

Pin-drafting: During drafting, fibers are oriented relative to one another in the sliver and controlled by rolls of pins between the drafting rolls. Primarily used for long fibers in the semi-worsted and worsted spinning systems.

Pinto: A two-colored animal with by large patches of colored wool.

Ply: One of any number of single yarns twisted together to form a yarn or to twist together two or more single yarns to form another yarn or cord.

Polygenic trait: A trait affected by many genes with no single gene with an over-riding influence.

Population: The term can refer to a breed, an entire species, a single herd or flock, or even a small group of animals within a herd. A group of intermating alpacas.

Population genetics: The study of factors affecting genes in a population.

Producing ability: The performance potential of an individual to produce a repeated trait.

Production Sequence: In creating fiber, the process goes in a known sequence. First is shearing, then sorting, opening, cleaning, carding, drawing, possibly combing, sometimes roving, twisting and spinning.

Prime fleece: The most high quality fleece an alpaca will ever produce, usually its first coat, called tui.

Pronking: A verb that describes alpacas’ version of skipping. Much like hopping around with all four feet hitting the ground at the same time. Alpacas do this when they are happy, most often around dusk. Cria are most likely to pronk but older and even very pregnant alpacas will pronk.

Protein Fiber: An animal fiber composed of protein, including naturally occurring animal fibers as alpaca, wool, silk, llama and other hair and fur fibers.

Puna: The high, barren tundra zone of the Andes Mountains where alpacas live naturally.

Pureblood: An animal of unmixed ancestry, bred from members of a recognized type without a mixture of other blood over many generations.

Purebred: Entirely of one recognized breed or line. Not crossbred.

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